What is Urology?
Urology is a surgical specialty that deals with the treatment of circumstances involving the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive organs.
People who specialize in the field of urology are called urologists, health professionals who are trained to diagnose, identify and treat this group of disorders and diseases.
Disorders that can be treated by urologists include those that include the kidneys, the ureters (tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder), the adrenal glands, the bladder and the urethra (the tube that passes urine from the body to the bladder ). In males, a urologist can also treat the states of the testes, the epididymis, the vas deferens, the seminal vesicles, the prostate and the penis. The field of urology includes the medical management of terms such as urinary tract infection and prostate enlargement through to the surgical management of terms such as bladder cancer, prostate carcinoma, kidney stones and stress incontinence.
In the case of certain terms such as cancer of the urinary system, urologists may need to work together with oncologists or radiotherapists. They may also need to work with nephrologists who deal with kidney conditions, gynecologists who treat with the female genital apparatus and endocrinologists who are concerned with the terms of hormone and endocrine disorders. Urologists can also collaborate with pediatric and color surgery outpatient practitioners.
The Urologists follow post-graduate education for five years, completing 12 months in general surgery and 36 months in clinical urology. The remaining time is spent training in general surgery, clinical urology or a discipline that is relevant to the urology. There are several specialized fields that can be practiced after completion of a degree of urology. Some of these include:
Endourology deals with the closed manipulation of the urinary system. The field has now become encompasses at least invasive surgical procedures. Procedures are performed using endoscopes inserted into the urinary tract and examples include prostate surgery, stone removal surgery, and simple urethral or ureteral surgeries.
This deals with urogenital malignancies such as cancers of the kidney, adrenal glands, prostate, bladder, ureters, testes or penis.
Neururology affects the management of conditions that include nervous control of the urogenital system or abnormal urination. Examples of the neurological circumstances that may lead to these circumstances include the injuries of Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke and spinal cord.
This includes the correction of urogenital problems that arise in children such as undescended testes or cryptorchidism, underdeveloped genital organs and vesicoureteral reflux.
Andrology focuses on disorders of the male reproductive system such as erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory inversion of disorders, infertility and vasectomy.